Hungary: Pearl Of The Danube

Introduction

This article will act as a brief introduction to the history and timeline of Hungary. It will cover Hungary’s founding, Middle Ages, Monarchy, Hungarian Culture, Soviet Hungary, and Modern Hungary.

Hungary’s Founding

Hungary is a country located in Central Europe known for its stunning architecture, thermal baths, and rich history. Hungary’s founding dates back to the 9th century when the Magyar tribes arrived in the Carpathian Basin and established their own state in the region. The first King of Hungary was István I(Stephen I), who declared the country officially Christian in the year 1000 CE.

Budapest, Hungaries capital city is a significant tourist destination, home to landmarks such as the Hungarian Parliament Building and Fisherman’s Bastion. The country is also known for its delicious cuisine, including hearty dishes like goulash and chimney cake. In addition, Hungary has a vibrant culture, with music, dance, and festivals celebrated yearly.

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Middle Age Hungary

Hungary was a relatively prosperous and influential kingdom throughout the Middle Ages. Its location in Central Europe made it an important crossroads for commerce and trade. The ruling House of Árpád oversaw a period of cultural and economic growth. However, neighboring powers frequently invaded the kingdom. Despite these challenges, Hungary managed to maintain its independence and develop a distinct national identity that persists to this day.

During the Middle Ages, Hungary experienced a significant event known as the Mongol invasion of Hungary. In the mid-13th century, the Mongol army, led by Batu Khan, invaded Hungary and caused massive destruction to the country.

They looted, burned, and pillaged towns, killed thousands of people, and destroyed numerous buildings and churches. The invasion significantly impacted Hungary’s population and economy, leading to political instability and social upheaval for many years.

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Hungary’s Monarchy

Hungary’s monarchy during the Middle Ages was essential to stability. The monarchy was hereditary, and the first king was Stephen I, who ruled from 1000 CE to 1038 CE. This system provided strength and a sense of continuity, but there were also periods of instability when different factions struggled for power. Ultimately, the monarchy lasted until 1918 CE, when it was abolished after World War I.

Modern Hungary’s Monarchy serves as the head of state and has limited powers and duties, such as representing the country in international affairs and signing or vetoing legislative bills. The monarch is chosen by an electoral college composed of members of the parliament and serves for life or until abdication.

The day-to-day governance of modern Hungary is handled by a prime minister and a parliament, who are responsible for passing laws and making decisions on behalf of the country.

Hungary and Hungarian Culture
Budapest Parliament with Hungarian flag viewed from the river
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Hungarian Culture

Hungarian culture is a rich combination of traditions, customs, and beliefs that have developed over centuries. Influenced by its central European roots, Hungarian culture is known for its hearty cuisine, folk arts, music, and dance. Folk traditions play a major role in the culture, particularly in rural areas, with festivals and events held throughout the year.

Hungarian art, literature, and science have also significantly impacted world culture. Hungarian science, in particular, has made significant strides in various fields, such as physics, chemistry, and mathematics.

Overall, Hungarian culture is a unique blend of old and new, rural and urban, and continues to be a source of pride for its people.

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Soviet Hungary

Hungary’s period under the Soviet Union’s control was marked by oppression, fear, and a lack of freedom. The country’s economy suffered greatly, with heavy taxes imposed on its citizens. The government was corrupt, and dissenters were brutally suppressed. The Secret Police was a constant fear for those who opposed the Soviet regime.

The media was tightly controlled, with only state-controlled broadcasts allowed through. Many artists and writers were silenced, and those who spoke out faced persecution. The country’s education system was also suppressed, with the government censoring textbooks and controlling what schools could teach.

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The Hungarian people’s daily life was also affected by the Soviet occupation. Food was often in short supply, and lines for essential goods were common. Housing was constantly an issue, with many people living in cramped conditions.

The 1956 Hungarian Revolution was a turning point for the country, as citizens rose up against the oppressive Soviet regime. The revolution started as a peaceful protest but quickly escalated into a military conflict with the Soviet Union. The revolutionaries fought fiercely but were ultimately defeated by the Soviet forces, leading to more oppression and suppression of rights.

Hungary’s experience under Soviet rule was challenging for its citizens. The lack of freedom, governmental control, and constant fear left a lasting impact on the country and its people.

HUNGARY – 1959 November 14: dark blue and bister postage stamp depicting the portrait of Vladimir Vladimirovich Mayakovsky, soviet poet. Soviet Stamp Exhibition, Budapest
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Modern Hungary

In recent years, Hungary has achieved significant progress in various fields, from business to sports. Additionally, they have made tremendous efforts to boost tourism by promoting their natural beauty and rich cultural heritage. As a result, Hungary has attracted record numbers of visitors and has become one of the most visited countries in the world.

Like other countries, Hungary experienced various periods of prosperity and turmoil, including foreign domination and World Wars. Today, Hungary is a thriving country with a rich cultural heritage, a skilled workforce, and a growing economy. It is among the leading countries within the central/eastern part of the European Union.

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Hungarian Coins

Hungarian gold and silver coins are a fascinating part of Hungary’s rich numismatic history. The first Hungarian coins were minted in the 10th century, and over time, the country became known for its vibrant and sophisticated coinage. Below is a Link to the Hungarian Gold Coins we have in stock.

Middle Age Hungary
1911 Gold 10 Hungarian Korona.

Published by Invest in History Co.

We specialize in high-quality gold and silver coins. Focusing on Middle East, Eastern European, and Ancient coins. We carry Roman, Greek, Parthian, Phoenician, Celtic, Byzantine, Russian, Jewish, Islamic, and many other culture's coins.

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