Bulgaria: Land Of Roses


This article will act as a brief introduction to the history and timeline of Bulgaria. Starting with Bulgaria’s founding, Bulgaria during the Middle Ages, its Monarchy, Bulgarian Culture, Soviet Bulgaria, and Modern Bulgaria.

Bulgaria’s Founding

Bulgaria is a country located on the Balkan Peninsula in southeastern Europe and has a long and complex history. The first Bulgarian state was founded in 681 CE by Khan Asparuh, who led a group of Turkic and Slavic tribes to victory against the Byzantine Empire. Over the centuries, Bulgaria was ruled by various empires, including the Ottoman Empire and the Soviet Union.

Bulgaria is a country rich in natural beauty, boasting picturesque landscapes that captivate visitors. The country is also home to numerous rivers, lakes, and forests, each offering unique charm and adventure. With such stunning nature scenery, Bulgaria is a must-visit destination for any nature lovers who love traveling.

Its beautiful Landscape and its production of Rose oil have earned it the nickname “The Land of Roses.”


Middle Age Bulgaria

Bulgaria played a significant role during the Middle Ages. From the 7th to the 14th century, Bulgarian kingdoms emerged and declined under various rulers. These monarchies were often at war with the Byzantine and Ottoman Empires before the Bulgarian state was eventually incorporated into the Ottoman Empire during the late 14th century.

Nevertheless, the various Bulgarian Empires left their mark on Bulgarian culture and heritage, from the iconic Rila Monastery to the unique Cyrillic alphabet.

Despite the challenges faced during the Middle Ages, Bulgaria’s rich history and cultural heritage continue to fascinate people worldwide. With its museums, art galleries, and architectural landmarks, visitors can experience the legacy of Bulgaria’s medieval past firsthand.

Middle age bulgaria and Bulgarian Culture
ASENVOGRAD, BULGARIA – JUNE 25, 2016 – Medieval fair in Asenovgrad recreating the life of Bulgarians during the Middle ages. Demonstration of an ancient duel.

Bulgaria’s Monarchy

During the Middle Ages, Bulgaria’s monarchy operated under a feudal system. The ruler, known as the Khan or Tsar, had vast power and was the ultimate authority in the kingdom. The Tsar was advised by a council of nobles and had the power to appoint and dismiss officials. The monarchy remained the dominant political force in Bulgaria until the Ottoman Empire conquered the country in the late 14th century.

The kingdom was divided into territories controlled by lords who provided military service and tribute in return for land. The feudal system allowed for a class of nobles to arise who had significant power and influence over the common people.

One notable figure in Bulgarian history is Tsar Simeon I, who ruled during the First Bulgarian Empire from 893 CE to 927 CE. Under his reign, Bulgaria became a significant power in Eastern Europe. Simeon, I expanded the Bulgarian territory, developed a sophisticated society, and became a patron of the arts and education.

Middle Age Bulgaria and Bulgarian culture
Bulgarian Flag. Woman holding Flag of Bulgaria in traditional clothing. Day of Liberation parade. National holiday with people celebrating. Patriotic scene people waving flags.

Bulgarian Culture

Bulgarian culture is a unique blend of Eastern European and Balkan traditions. It is characterized by rich folklore, colorful traditional clothing, and vibrant music and dance. The country’s cuisine is heavily influenced by its neighboring countries but also has a distinct flavor of its own. In addition, Bulgarians have a strong appreciation for family values and hospitality.

They are often welcoming guests with warm hospitality while serving traditional homemade dishes and drinks. Architecture and art in Bulgaria also have a long and rich history dating back to ancient times and are still appreciated and celebrated today. Overall, Bulgarian culture is a fascinating mix of the old and the new as it continues to evolve and flourish.


Soviet Bulgaria

Soviet Bulgaria was a country in Eastern Europe that was under the influence of the Soviet Union from 1944 CE to 1989 CE. During this time, the country was governed by the Communist Party of Bulgaria, and its economy and society were structured around the principles of socialism. It was set up very similarly to other Soviet States at the time.

The government-controlled most aspects of daily life, including industry, healthcare, education, and the media. At the same time, this system had tremendous issues, including limiting individual freedom and a lack of political diversity. It did increase the average citizen’s access to education, health care, and equality. Despite its flaws similar to other Soviet States, Soviet Bulgaria remains a complex and intriguing chapter in European history.

Soviet Bulgaria
RUSE, BULGARIA – AUGUSR 15, 2021: Monument of the Soviet Army known as Alyosha in the city of Ruse, Bulgaria.

Modern Bulgaria

Today, Bulgaria is a member of the European Union and NATO and is known for its beautiful landscapes, rich cultural heritage, and delicious cuisine. Regarding technology, Bulgaria ranks seventh in Europe for the number of certified IT professionals per capita. According to the World Bank, Bulgaria is a small, open economy with a population of 7 million people.

The country has made significant progress in recent years, with a GDP growth rate of 3.9% in 2019. Bulgaria also has a strong and growing service sector, contributing to 63% of its GDP, alongside a steady increase in tourism. Modern-day Bulgaria is a thriving country with a robust economy, diverse and rich culture, and a growing tech industry.


Bulgarian Coins

During Bulgaria’s Middle Ages, gold and silver coins were circulated among the people. The gold coins were called “Todoroki,” The silver coins were named “Aspros” and distinguished based on weight. The smaller ones were called “Dengi,” while the larger ones were called “Grosh.” These coins were significant for their role in reflecting Bulgarian society’s cultural and political values. Below is a link to all the Bulgarian silver coins we have in stock.

Bulgaria, Ivan Aleksander 1331-1371, Grosh.

Published by Invest in History Co.

We specialize in high-quality gold and silver coins. Focusing on Middle East, Eastern European, and Ancient coins. We carry Roman, Greek, Parthian, Phoenician, Celtic, Byzantine, Russian, Jewish, Islamic, and many other culture's coins.