Ancient Rome: The City Founded By Two Brothers


This article will briefly cover the whole Roman Republic/Empire timeline. While there is way too much to cover in one article, this is meant to be a simple introduction for people new to Roman coins and history. The article will cover Romulus and Remus, Early Rome, the Roman Republic, and the Roman Empire.

Romulus And Remus

The founding of Rome is told through a legend about two brothers. Romulus and Remus. In the myth, they are descendants of soldiers who had survived the Trojan war and eventually made their way to Italy. As the myth goes, their mother gave birth to two twins after being unfaithful to her Husband.

She eventually sent them both down a river in a wicker basket, where they were found by a she-wolf. The she-wolf fed and looked after them until they grew up.

Once the two brothers had grown up, they founded the earliest Roman Settlements. Eventually, the differences between the brothers led them to compete in various ways to determine who should lead. These competitions eventually led to Romulus killing Remus.

The city of Rome would be founded on the 21st of April, 753 BCE, and would get its name from the name of the surviving brother.

Romulus and Remus, Early rome, Roman Republic, and the Roman Empire
One of the mosaics on the floor of Vittorio Emanuele Gallery, representing Rome (the she-wolf and Romulus and Remus).

Early Rome

Rome’s original population was predominantly men. In order to increase the female population of Rome, a feast was held, inviting the surrounding tribes. Once they arrived, they captured the females of the various tribes that had arrived. Eventually, capturing women and bringing them back to Rome would become a common practice when Rome’s army was on a campaign.

Early Rome was a monarchy with seven kings, and after numerous scandals, the final straw was Tarquin’s rape of Lucretia. The people of Rome had enough and demanded more of a say in their day-to-day lives. These were the earliest steps that the Roman citizens took toward the Roman Republic, which would last a little over five centuries.


Roman Republic

The Roman Republic was formed in 509 BCE after overthrowing the monarchy. The republic lasted all the way until 27 BCE. It covers the span of history that is considered “Classical Rome.” It was during this time period that Rome began minting the notorious Denarius. War was also very common during this period, with them figuring out their own borders and enforcing them.

During this period, Rome was still figuring itself out militarily as well and revamped its tactics many times over. The Roman Republic also adopted many different cultural ideas, tools, and methods that would later be considered a Roman staple.


Roman Empire

The Roman Imperial Empire, also known as the Roman Empire, spanned from 27 BCE to 476 CE. After the assassination of Julius Caesar, the empire was established under the rule of Augustus, who became the first Roman Emperor. This marked the transition from the Roman Republic to the Roman Empire. The empire reached its peak between the 2nd and 3rd centuries CE, covering vast territories across Europe, North Africa, and the Middle East.

Rome experienced significant cultural, military, and architectural advancements during this time. However, internal conflicts, economic instability, and invasions from barbarian tribes eventually led to the fall of the Western Roman Empire in 476 CE, while the Eastern Roman Empire, also known as the Byzantine Empire, survived.


Despite its decline and fall, the legacy of the Roman Empire continues to influence and shape various aspects of modern civilization. Under the Rule of Emperor Constantine, the Empire split into two halves, with the Western Roman Empire using Rome as its capital and the Eastern Roman Empire using Byzantium as its Capital.

The Eastern Roman Empire

The Eastern Roman Empire lasted until the year 1453 CE, when Mehmed II, with the Ottoman army, conquered Constantinople. Mehmed II’s intention wasn’t to end the Roman Empire. Mehmed considered himself to be a new Cesar. He changed the religion of the empire from Christianity to Islam, just as Constantine had done 1100 years earlier, by switching from Rome’s pagan religion to Christianity.

This blog article has explored the captivating realm of ancient Rome, shedding light on its rich history and enduring legacy, from the awe-inspiring architecture to Rome’s impact on the world.

Today we continue to draw inspiration from their art, philosophy, and governance systems. As we reflect on the greatness of ancient Rome, let us appreciate the lessons it offers us about the rise and fall of empires and the enduring power of human achievement.

great Roman empire – conceptual collage in retro style

Roman Coins

Each coin has a unique history attached to it. Coin collectors love the Roman Denarius. We carry various Roman Denarius from different time periods in the Roman Republic/Empire. Click the link below to see if we have a denarius currently in stock that’s right for your collection.

Denarius minted during the Roman Republic.

Our Courses

If you’re eager to delve deeper into the captivating history of Ancient Rome, we have just the thing for you. Our “History Of Ancient Rome” course offers a comprehensive and immersive learning experience. You’ll gain a profound understanding of Rome’s rise and fall, its influential leaders, remarkable achievements, and enduring legacy. Uncover the fascinating stories and explore the intricate details of this ancient civilization. Visit our website to enroll in the course and embark on a captivating journey through the depths of Ancient Rome’s captivating past.

Published by Invest in History Co.

We specialize in high-quality gold and silver coins. Focusing on Middle East, Eastern European, and Ancient coins. We carry Roman, Greek, Parthian, Phoenician, Celtic, Byzantine, Russian, Jewish, Islamic, and many other culture's coins.

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